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Archive for the ‘Free shelter designs’ Category

Earthbag Studio Apartment

Earthbag Studio Apartment

Specifications: 264 sq. ft. interior, fold-out bed, 1 bath, Footprint: 14′ x 26′

Description: This extremely efficient earthbag apartment utilizes all natural building materials and reduces energy costs. Building multi-unit structures reduces the number of walls required. They can be joined side-to-side and back-to-back. I used 24″ bags for this design for multi-story construction. Note: this plan is now listed in the free shelter category.

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Earthbag Shophouse

Earthbag Shophouse

Specifications: 624 sq. ft. interior (58 sq. meters), 1 bedroom, 1 bath, Footprint: 13′ x 40′

Description: This traditional shophouse is common throughout parts of the world, especially Asia. Shop owners (or employees) live in the rear of the shop. This eliminates commutes and saves on housing costs. A steel retractable door provides security at night. Note: this plan is now listed in the free shelter category.

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Earthbag Vaulted Guesthouse

Earthbag Vaulted Guesthouse

Specifications: 273 sq. ft. interior, 1 bedroom, 1 bath, Footprint: 16′ x 30′

Description: Designed to stay cool in hot climates, this Nubian vaulted guesthouse features a pole frame and thatched roof structure that shades the earthbag vault. Additional cooling is provided by breezes that blow across a lily pool. The upper part of the vault is traditional leaning adobe construction. A flagstone patio adds outdoor living space on the east side. Note: this plan is now listed in the free shelter category.

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Floorplan for Post-Tsunami Affordable Housing Project

Floorplan for Post-Tsunami Affordable Housing Project

This project was an effort to help those in need of shelter who were tragically impacted by the December 2004 tsunami. Unlike most other housing designs that have been proposed, this design focuses on low-cost, sustainable building materials and techniques, while also striving to make the homes tsunami, earthquake, and hurricane resistant.

Exterior view Post-Tsunami Affordable Housing Project

Exterior view Post-Tsunami Affordable Housing Project

You can read the entire report here.

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Many times tarps alone do not provide sufficient shelter for humanitarian relief operations, while tents may not be available or cost effective. What is often needed is a simple family shelter solution that is easy to transport and erect, less expensive than tents and uses standard materials that are globally available.

UN emergency earthbag shelters.

UN earthbag emergency shelters.

The building concept outlined here consists of sandbag (earthbag) walls filled with sand or soil from the site, and tarps for roofing. These emergency shelters would only be slightly more expensive than tarps by themselves, but provide superior protection against wind, rain, heat, cold, snow, bullets, fire, flooding, hurricanes and noise.

The complete report by Owen Geiger and Patti Stouter, An Emergency Earthbag Shelter Proposal, is available here.

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This Emergency Shelter design is the result of collaboration between Kelly Hart and Owen Geiger. We came up with this design in response to a plea from aid agencies operating in Pakistan after the 2005 earthquake there. The challenge was to provide quick, safe, decent shelter with minimal tools and supplies to sustain life through the winter. Access to remote areas was extremely difficult, since many roads had been destroyed or blocked by landslides. Because of these and other difficulties, and the fact that winter would create a much more dire situation, fast easy-to-build temporary shelter seemed most appropriate.

Earthbag Emergency Shelter

Earthbag Emergency Shelter

For complete information, click here.

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